Aden: Historical Trading Center.
By Abdul-Salam Al-Korary.
Geographically Aden is situated at latitude 12.47 north and at longitude 44.57 east. It is located at the south west tip of Yemen some 430km a way from the capital Sana’a.
It is in the mid-way between Europe and Far East, Aden lies on major world trading route through the Suez Canal.
It is one of the largest natural harbors in the world with an area of about 70 km2 of sheltered water surrounded by Shamsan mountain ,khoremakser, and the shore which extends to the hills of Little Aden.
The port of Aden consists of the Inner Harbor, the Oil Harbor serving Aden Refinery and the anchorage and approach channels of the outer harbor.
The population of the Aden Governorate is 560,000 persons according to 1995 census
The area of Aden Governorate amounts to approximately 6980 sqkm.
Historical & Economical Background
The story of Aden as a trading center stretches back over 3000 years.In the 1800’s Aden grew as ship fuelling port, holding stocks of coal and water supplies for the early steamers.
Port services expanded after the Suez Canal opened in 1869 as Aden grew to become one of the busiest ship bunkering and a tax-free-shopping and trading ports in the world by the 1950’s.
Aden has acquired world reputation as a center of maritime trade since seven centuries before B.C. It was regarded as terminal for incense and spices trade and a corridor for convoys.
Mr.Harlod Jacob, British officer and the writer of a book titled (Kings of Arabian Peninsula) described Aden as Cinderella of the East.
Aden Port had been distinguished through history in the region for granting equal opportunities for all merchants who came to the port, and without any discrimination under any excuse weather geographical or ethnic or
creed affinity. This accumulated tradition, practice and behavior through successive generations were one of the supporting factor in the continuous success of Aden City and its free port as a regional an world trade center in the previous epoch.
Tourism Potential :
Aden City is regarded as one of the distinguished city for its various
tourism potential, serving all aspects of tourism business.
God has endowed it with splendid and attractive nature, beginning with a long strip of clean sandy sea – shores and clear blue bay which are suitable for all kinds of recreation and hobbies moreover a chain of protective volcanic hills, with a variety of contours which are fit for climbing hobbies and adventures. Also moderate and fine climate most of the year, costal landscapes that allure land birds and abundance of fish.
It is situated in Tawahi at Elephant Bay and the tip of Hail Mountain , being overlooked by Shamsan Mountain , thus distinguished for it’s beautiful location and it’s warm water .
It is situated in Little-Aden city (Al-Buraika) which is distinguished for it’s beautiful location . There is a swimming club to which citizens and visitors come especially during holidays & weekends.
Abyan Coast Shore:
It is situated at Khormaksar and considered to be the longest coast in Aden Governorate where you can find sands and rest houses . You can find also other shore scattered all over the coast of the Governorate and in more than one location such as Amran , Fukum and Khaisa shores.