Yemeni coffee… Quality and world fame
Sana’a 24 June 2019 (Saba) – Yemen’s coffee is the world’s most famous agricultural product.
Yemeni coffee is becoming increasingly popular for other coffees grown in the world, making it a strong competitor and a leading brand in international markets as one of the best coffee brands known as Arab coffee.
Coffee is one of Yemen’s most important crops, and its trees grow in valleys with warm and humid climates, slopes and mountain ranges, at altitudes ranging from 700 to 2,400 meters above sea level.
Yemen is the only country in the world where a coffee tree is grown under various climatic and environmental conditions, unlike those where its counterparts are grown in other parts of the world.
The coffee-growing areas are concentrated in Bani Matar, Yafe, Harraz, Al Haymateen( Al Haymah Ad Dakhiliyah District and Al Haymah Al Kharegiah), Bara’a and Hamra, Bani Hammad and Amran, it is characterized by different shapes, sizes, types and names relative to the areas in which it is grown. The most common types are of Al-Matary, Al-Yafei, Al-Haymi, Al-Harazi, Al-Ahjari, Al-Mahwity, and Al-Borai. , Al-Hammadi, Al-Rimi, Al-Wesabi, Al-Anisi, Al-Audini,Al-Sabri and Al-Sa’adi.
Coffee is classified as a cash crop that yields more than the cost of production inputs. Thousands of Yemenis rely on coffee and provide jobs for nearly a million people, from planting to exporting.
Yemen’s coffee industry faces many challenges, including poor agricultural potential, water scarcity and declining area of cultivated land in recent years.
Agricultural experts and researchers attributed the low productivity of Yemen to coffee to the geographical conditions in which it is cultivated, and the scarcity of water, in addition to the agricultural methods used in its production are no longer appropriate, as well as the fragmentation of agricultural land over time or ending in favor of cultivation of qat, in addition to the effects of the aggression and siege On the agricultural sector, including coffee.
According to agricultural census data, the area of coffee cultivation in Yemen has decreased relatively from 34 thousand and 652 hectares in 2014 to 33 thousand and 544 hectares in 2017, while the productivity of this crop was 20 thousand and 59 tons compared to 18 thousand and 767 tons during the same period .
Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation Eng. Abdulmalik Al-Thawr said that the ministry is seeking to implement a package of plans and programs aimed at developing and improving the cultivation and productivity of coffee as an important economic and monetary crop.
The plans include supporting nurseries in coffee-growing areas, providing soft loans to small farmers, coordinating with the private sector and farmers benefiting from the establishment of rainwater harvesting tanks to provide water for irrigation of coffee trees, Eng. Abdulmalik al-Thawr told Saba.
He pointed out that the Ministry is working to activate and strengthen the role of agricultural extension to raise awareness among farmers and to identify the practices and practices of agricultural sound, which helps to produce various types of Yemeni coffee in large quantities and high quality and competitive, thus contributing to improve the source of income of farmers.
He stressed that the plan also focuses on the establishment of a specialized research center in the field of coffee in line with the process of rehabilitation and training in this aspect and focus on awareness of agricultural transactions of cutting, weeding and pest control using integrated management methods, as well as the dissemination of modern technologies in coffee cultivation, In production areas and others.
The Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation expected that these interventions will contribute to raising Yemen’s productivity from the coffee crop to 50 thousand tons in 2025 with a value of up to one billion dollars.